Haiti – FLASH : Official request for extradition of the Dominican Republic
The Attorney General of the Dominican Republic, Jean Rodríguez, has formally asked the Haitian authorities for the extradition of brothers Luis Bom (in jail in Jacmel) and Francisco Bom (fugitive), accused of murdering with machetes Julio Reyes Perez owner of a ranch in Le Quemao and his wife Neida Féliz Urbaez both dead from their wounds https://www.icihaiti.com/en/news-23790-icihaiti-flash-temporary-closure-of-the-pedernales-border-market.html
He said he sent the request for extradition of these foreigners to the Ministry of Justice of Haiti through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MIREX).
“We have completed the legal process so that these Haitian citizens can be extradited from their nation to the Dominican Republic, so that they can respond to the country’s criminal justice system, for allegedly associating in the murder of Julio Reyes Pérez Matos and causing serious injuries that subsequently caused the death of Mrs. Neyda Miladis Urbáez Féliz, in order to steal them,” ensuring that the rules of national and international law guarantee Bom brothers have their right to a fair and regular trial.
“Contrary to what has been said in the media and in various statements by Haitian officials who say that Haiti has never signed an extradition agreement with the Dominican Republic “the Prosecutor Rodríguez says that this application is covered by the Convention of Extradition of Montevideo, signed in Uruguay on December 26, 1933 by both the Dominican Republic and Haiti among others” and adopted by the Prosecutor by the two countries in 1981. Recalling that Article 1 stipulates “Each one of the signatory States in harmony with the stipulations of the present
Convention assumes the obligation of surrendering to any one of the States which may make the requisition, the persons who may be in their territory and who are accused or under sentence. This right shall be claimed only under the following circumstances: a) That the demanding State have the jurisdiction to try and to punish the delinquency which is attributed to the individual whom it desires to extradite.
b) That the act for which extradition is sought constitutes a crime and is punishable under the laws of the demanding and surrendering States with a minimum penalty of imprisonment for one year.”
Download the Montevideo Convention : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/en_conve_extra_inter_american_1933_montevideo.pdf
It should be noted that this is not the only extradition convention signed by Haiti and the Dominican Republic, mentioning the “Inter-American Convention on Extradition, OAS, 1981” which refers in its preamble to the Montevideo Agreement to 1933 and which states “Obligation to Extradite
The States Parties bind themselves, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, to surrender to other States Parties that request their extradition persons who are judicially required for prosecution, are being tried, have been convicted or have been sentenced to a penalty involving deprivation of liberty.”
Inter-American Convention on Extradition, OAS, 1981 : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/extradition-fr.pdf
However, the existence of these Conventions and their signatures by Haiti does not mean that these Conventions were promulgated by the Haitian Parliament.
The only thing we can be sure of is that this request is going to be the beginning of a controversial Saga between the two countries…
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